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Presentation about Russia and the Arctic

Today a public presentation will be given at the Department for History and Social Sciences about safety and the Russian strategy in the Arctic.
Irina Zhilina is currently guest lecturer at the Department for History and Social Sciences, and will be giving a presentation about safety and Russian Arctic strategy.
Irina Zhilina works at the Strategic Environmental Impact Assessment of development of the Arctic, at the Arctic Centre in Rovaniemi in Finlandi. She holds a degree in International Relationships at the Murmansk State Technical University in Russia and has a candidate in polar law from Akureyri in Iceland. Her research field is safety and international governance especially concerning the Arctic.Irina Zhilina works at the Strategic Environmental Impact Assessment of development of the Arctic, at the Arctic Centre in Rovaniemi in Finlandi. She holds a degree in International Relationships at the Murmansk State Technical University in Russia and has a candidate in polar law from Akureyri in Iceland. Her research field is safety and international governance especially concerning the Arctic.

The presentation will be at the Department for History and Social Sciences in Jónas Broncks gøtu 25, 1. floor, room 1, at 15:00. The event lasts for about 1 hour, it is public.

The following is an abstract of the presentation tomorrow: 

Russian Arctic National Strategy and Security in the Arctic Region.

Irina Zhilina

The security challenges relevant to the Arctic Region are naturally linked to climate change processes, in particular, global warming. In the High North most of the threats are of a non-military character. Furthermore, a great part of security challenges are on the agenda of international cooperation institutions. Except one, military security concerns were emasculated from the table of negotiations at the very birth of the Arctic Council, a major international entity when it comes to Arctic affairs. The discussions on traditional security matters are very limited, only some of them take place bilaterally in less institutionalised frameworks. The multi-level web of institutionalisation that deals with soft security matters is in place and is effectively managed so far, nevertheless, the Arctic Region is still experiencing geopolitical tensions emerging from conflicts of overlapping interests in sovereignty claims (e.g. Beaufort Sea, Lomonosov Ridge), diametrical approaches to some legal regimes (e.g. The Fisheries Protection Zone around Svalbard, navigation via Northern Sea Route (NSR) and Northwest Passage (NWP) and differences in perceptions of scientific data (e.g. viability of fish stocks, the prognosis on natural resources reserves)

All the Arctic States refer to international law in their national strategies and policies for the development of their respective northern territories. From the legal perspective, bilateral negotiations and provisions of Law of the Sea Convention (UNCLOS) are meant to be the only and overarching international instruments designed to solve any possible conflict of national interests. However, in practice, the stability of the region, a commitment to the rule of law, as well as transparency and accountability are in the hands of national governments and their goodwill. 

The presentation will be devoted to the Russian national strategy in the Arctic Region and its perspective on the changing geopolitical landscape from the security perspective, the particular focus will be on Russia-NATO relations.

Contact
Jens Christian Svabo Justinussen

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